Category Archives: Info

Nikon 800mm lens Price | PixelBing

Nikon 800mm f/5.6 VR Super Telephoto Lens launched at $17,900 Price Tag

We have told you about Nikon’s official announcement of manufacturing the 800mm f/5.6 VR Super Telephoto Lens in one of our previous posts. Now the word is out, Nikon has officially launched the giant lens with a price tag of $17,900.

Nikon 800mm lens Price | PixelBing

Nikon, in an official press release informed that there’s another venture to invest on apart from luxury cars or large bungalows, which is, buying this lens. The lens weighs around 4.59kg and is really feature studded. It is built for special purpose and hence it has been assigned with the features and building elements so special.

The AF-S NIKKOR 800mm f/5.6E FL ED VR offers the longest focal length of 800 mm in the history of NIKKOR autofocus (AF) lenses, as well as a maximum aperture of f/5.6. Adoption of two fluorite and two ED lens elements has resulted in excellent rendering with effective reduction of chromatic aberration, superior resolution, and high contrast. In addition, Nano Crystal Coat makes for clear, consistent rendering with incredible ghost and flare suppression. When the teleconverter is used with this super-telephoto lens, the electromagnetic aperture enables stable exposure (AE) with high-speed continuous shooting. The lens is also equipped with a vibration reduction (VR) mechanism offering performance equal to an increase in shutter speed of 4.0 steps. This new lens enables certain capture of the perfect moment for professional sports and press photographers, as well as advanced amateurs who enjoy photographing birds and wildlife.

800 mm Nikkor | Pixelbing
image credits: Flickriver

The dedicated 1.25x AF-S TELECONVERTER TC800-1.25E ED is supplied with the AF-S NIKKOR 800mm f/5.6E FL ED VR. Together, a focal length of 1000 mm is achieved, making it the perfect combination for recording the dynamic movement or expressions of athletes from distances. The AF-S TELECONVERTER TC800-1.25E ED is Nikon’s first teleconverter to be constructed with an ED lens element. It is designed specifically for use with the AF-S NIKKOR 800mm f/5.6E FL ED VR to ensure the same level of performance available when the lens is used alone for incredibly sharp images.

Main features of the monster lens is:

  • An FX-format compatible AF-S NIKKOR 800mm f/5.6E FL ED VR with the longest focal length in the history of NIKKOR autofocus lenses.
  • Constructed of two fluorite lens elements. The lens is equipped with two fluorite lens elements used in IC steppers and scanners that require extreme precision. The superior transmissivity from the infrared to ultra-violet range demonstrates superior chromatic aberration compensation throughout the visible range.
  • Equipped with two ED lens elements for sharp rendering and superior optical performance.
  • Nano Crystal Coat effectively prevents the internal reflections that cause ghost and flare.
  • When the teleconverter is used with this super-telephoto lens, the electromagnetic aperture built into the lens enables stable exposure control with high-speed continuous shooting.
  • Equipped with a vibration reduction (VR) mechanism offering performance equal to an increase in shutter speed of approximately 4.0 steps.
  • A lightweight yet durable super-telephoto lens with the adoption of fluorite lens elements, which helps to reduce the weight of the lens significantly, and a magnesium alloy, which ensures strength and durability.

The lens will be available from the month of April 2013, and costs about USD17,900, which converts to about 12,000 Pounds (GBP) ,  13,250 euros or 1 million Indian Rupee (INR)!

800 mm Nikkor | Pixelbing

Nikon officially announces manufacturing of 800mm f/5.6 VR Super Telephoto Lens

Rumors always spread around the market. But this time, Nikon has put an end to the rumors by officially announcing the development of a whopping 800mm f/5.6 super telephoto lens for Nikon customers via a press release.

800mm nikkor | Pixelbing

This is one of the highest power Super Telephoto autofocus enabled lens Nikon is ever developing under their banner. The lens will be having fixed focal length of 800mm, and maximum aperture of f/5.6. Apart from VR capabilities, this lens is also going to have a dust proof and drip proof performance.

All eager I am is to know about how much weight the lens will contain.

800 mm Nikkor | Pixelbing
image credits: Flickriver
megapixels race

How many Megapixels do you actually need?

Quite a debatable topic. Most of the camera manufacturers are now a days seen emphasizing on this particular topic while selling or marketing their cameras. Few, on the other hand declare that their 8 megapixels camera is sufficient for printing superb A4 quality prints, which is, yeah of course, wrong. Even you will find it when you will proceed below.
Camera resolution is measured in pixels, or a larger unit now a day, a megapixel, which means a unit of 1 million pixels. Whereas a print resolution is expressed in dpi (dots per inch), which denotes the density or scattering of the dots on the final print. In general, a unit called pixel per inch, or ppi can also be used to express the clarity or density of a photograph. For a superb shot, it is printed on the resolution of 300 dpi. When you need bit larger images, you can get them printed at 200 dpi, but you will have to pay for, by getting a degraded image. Below 150 dpi, the images will look real disasters, and fuzzy.

megapixels race
Given below is a table showing the prime camera resolutions which are used generally, image size in landscape orientation. Please note that there may be slight variations in the resolutions, as per the aspect ratios of each camera setup, as well as the effective megapixel count. But, more or less, the count remains almost equivalent.

Megapixels Image Resolution (in pixels) Size (in inches) of Best Quality Print (at 300 dpi) Size (in inches) of Average Quality Print (at 200 dpi)
0.3 640 x 480 2.1 x 1.6 3.2 x 2.4
1.2 1280 x 960 4.2 x 3.2 6.4 x 4.8
2 1600 x 1200 5.3 x 4.0 8.0 x 6.0
3.2 2048 x 1536 6.8 x 5.1 10.2 x 7.6
4 2464 x 1632 8.2 x 5.4 12.3 x 8.1
5 2592 x 1944 8.6 x 6.4 12.9 x 9.7
6 2736 x 2192 9.1 x 7.3 13.6 x 10.9
7 2960 x 2368 9.8 x 7.8 14.8 x 11.8
8 3264 x 2448 10.8 x 8.1 16.3 x 12.2
9 3352 x 2864 11.1 x 9.5 16.7 x 14.3
10 3648 x 2736 12.1 x 9.1 18.2 x 13.6
11 3712 x 2968 12.3 x 9.8 18.5 x 14.8
12 4000 x 3000 13.3 x 10.0 20.0 x 15.0
13 4032 x 3224 13.4 x 10.7 20.1 x 16.1
14 4320 x 3240 14.4 x 10.9 21.6 x 16.2
15 4584 x 3272 15.2 x 10.9 22.9 x 16.3
16 4920 x 3264 16.4 x 10.8 24.6 x 16.3

In the end, keep a few things in mind:

  • If you want to take prints of large posters, you can decrease the dpi, as the fuzziness that appear in decreasing the dpi makes a difference in the finer details of the picture, and no much difference if seen from a distance.
  • Using softwares like photoshop can amplify your stills. you can increase the size of the image, the dpi and what not.
  • The simple conclusion is to apply simple maths on what your camera reads on the resolution chart, and for the best quality print, divide the pixels (width or length) by 300.

Note: The image size shown here are the general image size for the megapixels, and may vary from camera to camera. So better option would be to apply your own mathematics.

thumb_Digital-SLR-Cameras | PixelBing

Know about Cameras: Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) Cameras

DSLR stands for digital single lens reflex. As I have already mentioned it in a previous post, so now I’m elaborating about the camera in this post. It has a mechanical system which uses a mirror system, for guiding the light entering through lens into a pentaprism and via mirror it passes to the viewfinder. And hence there is a complete ‘What you see is What you Get’ output, i-e you view the exact image without any parallax error (as in a rangefinder and other types of cameras) which you are about to shoot from the same lens. When the shutter is pressed, the mirror bounces, and hence the light, instead of getting guided to the viewfinder, falls on the image sensor (or photography film in case of Film SLR) and thus the image gets recorded.

Digital SLR Cameras | PixelBing.com

Image Credit: http://goo.gl/mVoZe

Generally no one seems interested in getting the above knowledge. To an ordinary person, a DSLR is a typical ‘high-end camera which has changeable lenses’. Yes, they also have very good Depth of Field as compared to a point and shoot. As I said here in this post, I’m going to talk about the DSLR, its strengths and weaknesses in detail, so here I begin them.

Strengths of a DSLR:

  • Image Quality: Yes, this is the first and the foremost reason for which a person spends more than double the amount he can spend to purchase a Point and Shoot for a DSLR. DSLRs have larger image sensors, for which even an 8 megapixel DSLR has far better image quality than a 14 megapixel Point and Shoot. The DSLRs are also designed to shoot at very high ISO ranges, which lead to less film grains and sharper, crispier images.
  • Speed: this is another reason, but of course secondary for a DSLR. The DSLR machinery, though bulky, is far more capable to get you the ‘lucky shots’. They switch on and load in almost no time, their dictionary doesn’t keeps a word called shutter lag, and also, the powerful mechanism is capable of capturing many frames (Nikon D3, for example, can take as many as 11 frames per second, and has a capacity of 130 continuous shots in the buffer, hence one of the fastest DSLR cameras)
  • Optical Viewfinder: it has been discussed in the beginning itself, the DSLR provides an exact WHSIWYG (What you see is What you Get) output, as while looking, and tracking down your subject through your viewfinder, you actually are looking through the lens, which gives you a proper idea of the “Depth of Field” and your image which is to be captured.
  • Adaptability: A DSLR is highly adaptable. Each lens opens up a new dimension of possibilities. Also, its not only just lens, there are a whole lot of stuffs that can be installed on a DSLR, as per the requirement, and budget, and not on a Point and Shoot, for example flashes, microphones, filters, lenses, to even telescopes, etc.
DSLR Telescope adaptability | PixelBing
A DSLR connected to Astronomical Telescope

(Click to Enlarge)

Image Credit: http://goo.gl/Us2II

  • Depth of Field: this topic is pretty analogous to adaptability. DOF is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image. Sometimes in many images we see a small subject distinctly sharp, crisp and every other closer and farther objects blurred (shallow DOF). At times this is desirable, whereas with some lenses it is possible to have a larger depth of field.
  • Manual settings: what’s the utility of a pilot if a plane can travel in auto-pilot mode? Yet every plane needs one. Similarly, good pictures are generated under manual settings and conditions, for which every DSLR is specially prepared. In these types of cameras, the manual settings are placed in very handy positions so that the photographers are at ease for controlling.
  • Large range of ISO Settings: this functionality varies between every camera model, but in general, a DSLR provides a great range of ISO sensitivity, and are also able to shoot at high ISO ranges.

 

Weaknesses of a DSLR

 

  • Cost: yes this one’s of course the most striking weakness, the price of a DSLR. An average DSLR is far more expensive than an average Point and Shoot. Accessories such as lenses, flashes, filters, etc add to the cost of DSLRs again.
  • Being Bulky: No one wishes to carry a big bag with a heavy bulky camera, and/or different lenses in every occasion where one has to walk in. Instead, everyone prefers a Point and Shoot for the purpose.
  • Maintenance: every individual person or thing needs special attention from us, and so does a DSLR. But the maintenance risks are quite high. Each time when the lens is changed, there’s a possibility of dust particles which may enter the camera and image sensor. Now a days DSLRs are arriving the market which have self cleaning sensor mechanism.
  • Noise: A DSLR is noisier than a Point and Shoot camera. This is because of the mechanical mechanism inside the camera, the bouncing mirror and all, and the noise can increase or decrease depending upon the lens setup being used with the camera.
  • Complex: DSLRs are designed to provide the photographer entire control over all his settings, but however, they may confuse a beginner by their too many settings and controls. But now a days even this thing is being overcome. New models now accommodate even a fully automatic mode for shooting.
  • Lack of Live View: this was some issue which is generally now vanishing from the new age DSLRs, as there are too many photographers who prefer not to use a viewfinder to peep through, which generally includes most of the beginners. Now a days few cameras also incorporate a 360 degree swivel screen which allows a photographer to shoot from many angles, thus opening a new world of possibilities for shots.
Nikon COOLPIX S8100 | PixelBing

Know about Cameras: Point and Shoot Digital Cameras

In my previous post, I have discussed about various types of cameras. Here, I’m detailing a few most popular ones for the next few posts. So as you have read the title correctly, today’s topic deals with the Point and Shoot camera.

Nikon COOLPIX S8100 | PixelBing

Upon thinking or talking of cameras, everybody thinks, talks, or writes about a DSLR, and think that all the non DSLR stuffs are untouchables, inferior, and what not. But slowly, the Point and Shoot cameras are too becoming famous day by day, and improving a lot too. Even I’m fond of the Point and Shoot cameras. The Canon Powershot A480 was my first digital Point and Shoot, although I have used many film cameras before it. DSLRs are of course meant for high-end photography, but here I will be discussing some advantages of a Point and Shoot Digital Camera, sometimes also referred to as digital cameras, or digicams.

  • Automatic Focus: this is a best part for one who needs to get rid of too many manual settings, controls, functions, and everything which makes his camera feel no less than a spacecraft cockpit. The quality of the Autofocus is improving day by day in the new models, which is too appreciable. This might be the same reason, for manufacturers are now placing an Auto Mode in the DSLRs too.
  • The Compactness: All the Point and Shoot cameras are appreciably slim, and even the thick ones also find ample room in your pocket, and weigh almost equal to your cellphone itself. There are few exceptions, for example, the superzoom models, which are now creating a separate category for themselves, the Bridge cameras. The fabrication now a days is so good, that they are coming up with great megapixel power, sufficient zoom, even house a touchscreen, and yet, you know about the size. Everywhere you cant carry a DSLR with you, for example a Party, or a Picnic etc, but you can always slip in your digicam in your pocket and get going
  • Bye-Bye Viewfinder: The P&S primarily use LCD screens, sometimes even a touchscreen, to give a live view of the shots the user is taking. This is a pretty good feature for a person who doesn’t want to poke his eye into viewfinder each time and remain at ease. But my opinion is that best shots come out from a viewfinder. Yet, new DSLRs are also providing the live view for the same reasons probably.
  • Too Silent: compared to a DSLR, the operation of a Point and Shoot Camera is too attractive. Smooth, and yes of course, silent. Even many times you wont even realize that a shot has been clicked when you try your hands on a P&S after a DSLR. Of course, you will have a vibration free click as compared to a DSLR, as in a DSLR the bouncing of mirror causes a typical click, which is at times, undesirable.
  • Cost matters: yes, of course this is the ‘last, but not the least’ point. You can purchase two good P&S Cameras for the price of a DSLR, or can have a top-end P&S for a cheap DSLR. They really are affordable and are so manufactured to reach every pocket.

But as every coin has two faces, same way there are few minus points of having a Point and Shoot camera too, which I’m discussing below:

  • Lower Image Quality: generally, the Point and Shoot Cameras come with small image sensors, which have a direct impact on the quality of images they click, compared to a DSLR. Slowly, manufacturers are coming up with higher grade image sensors, but of course, one can stick to a P&S, if no such high use of cropping or enlargement is to be done as per professional use.
  • Slow Capture rate: these cameras generally are cursed for their slow capture rate, (generally) lack of continuous shots, and the shutter lag, i-e the time delay between pressing the shutter and the moment when image gets clicked.
  • Lesser Manual Controls: Day by day the cameras being manufactured are going more automatic. This is to an extent a good feature, but on the same time there is very less, or almost no option for a photographer to alter the settings and click the images. Even in a bit older ones, manual settings are limited to exposure, and shutter, and that too in limited boundaries.
  • Smaller ISO range – generally the Point and Shoots come with smaller ISO range, but now a day this trend is being changed. Even my Point and Shoot had capability to shoot at 1600 ISO. Yet overall, there is a limited range of ISO in these type of cameras.
  • Zero Adaptability – generally a point and shoot does not possess adaptability for different lenses unlike DSLRs. But on the other hand, the ones which come with limited adaptability, are also not preferred by people, as they are generally purchased on account of portability, and no one prefers carrying lenses in a separate bag or so alongwith a pocket camera.

 Canon Powershot A480 | PixelbingNow when the major question for choosing between a digital Point and Shoot and a DSLR arises, I would only suggest that price is always the prime concern. So keeping your mind the proper budget, and the image requirements/purpose of photography, choose it accordingly.

 

Types of Cameras | PixelBing.com

Know about Cameras: History and Types

The craze for capturing the moments finds its history to 1000 AD, when the first camera was born. It was a simple pin-hole camera, invented by Alhazen (Ibn Al-Haytham) which was also called the Camera Obscura, and also came up with a valid reason for why the image was recorded in inverted position, or simply, upside down. But, the images were used only for viewing purposes, and it was after many years, in 1827, that John Nicephore Niepce made the first photographic image with the help of the above mentioned Camera Obscura. Though the first appreciable effort, this one needed too much research and development, as the photographic plate needed more than eight hours of exposure to the image to be captured, and the recorded image would soon fade away. After many years of sweat, pain and hardwork, a French guy, Louis Daguerre was able to bring the span of exposure time within half an hour.

Soon entered the negative-positive processes, the wet plate negatives, then the dry plates, color films, and soon, the electronic imaging technology came into existence. The electronic imaging technology uses a cluster or a group of image sensors comprising of CMOS sensor or CCD (Charged Coupled Devices) in place of the photographic film in a camera. Each light sensor on the CCD is called a pixel. It is known to all of you that more the density of pixels, sharper the image output.

I guess it’s enough about the history of camera and photography technology. Now its time to have a look on the various types of cameras. Of course, many of them are either outdated, or extinct, or just evolved into something else, and also, there are just too many of them to be listed. I’m just mentioning a few popular and historical ones along with their images, which you can always click to enlarge, which would seem like a junk to those who aren’t interested. To them, my word is to keep waiting, coming soon are the articles you would find interesting for yourself. And to the people, who are indeed interested in knowing about it, please proceed below.

1.        Range Finder Camera:

Types of Cameras | PixelBing.com
Rangefinder Camera

These types of cameras came equipped with a rangefinder with them. These are called “rangefinder” cameras because they focus using a dual-image rangefinding device. There’s a ring, which is calibrated, or in simple language, are turned, so that the two superimposed images line up to get you in a perfect focus state. There’s a separate window provided at the top of the camera, so one doesn’t look through the lens actually, hence it’s a great disadvantage of using a rangefinder, as the person shooting with rangefinder doesn’t get an idea of the final image, if he is shooting some long distance object using a telephoto lens, or a macro lens.

 

Types of Cameras | PixelBing.com
Twin Lens Reflex

 

2.       Twin Lens Reflex Camera:

This type of camera became popular in the post World War-II era. I still find it as antique showcase stuff in royal homes and families. This type of cam has two separate lenses, with identical focal length, one below the other. The lower lens exposes the image directly on the film, whereas the upper one bends the photograph by a right angle with the help of a mirror, and acts as a viewfinder. It hence the photographer gets an idea of how will the picture be looking while taking it.

 

3.       Single Lens Reflex (SLR) Camera:

Types of Cameras | PixelBing.com
Digital SLR

Almost everyone is desperate about this particular type of camera, afterall it has evolved as the best camera species for shooting pictures. What makes it the best is the sophisticated system, a single control that cocks the shutter for the next exposure, advances the film, and returns the mirror to focusing position.  Mirror? Oh yes, mirror. This camera actually uses a reflex mirror that bounces light up from the lens onto a flat ground-glass screen. SLRs see exactly what the lens does. No matter how long or short your lens, or the distance to the subject, an SLR provides you the what you see is what you get (WYSIWYG) experience.

 

Types of Cameras | PixelBing.com
Point and Shoot Camera

4.      Point and Shoot Camera:

The point and shoot cameras began their history as a camera with no zoom and a viewfinder or range finder. It was a people’s camera, now a days, with advancement in technologies, this type of camera is now almost in every home. Zooming is now possible in them, the viewfinder is now replaced by the LCD screen in maximum models available now a days. Now a days, these camera also have got additional focusing features, which also includes infrared laser focus tracking, just like the Radar or a Sonar does in its functionality.

 

5.      Bridge Camera:

Types of Cameras | PixelBing.com
Bridge Camera

These cameras are a bridge which fill the niche between the Point and Shoot, and SLR camera, providing the people an intermediate platform. These generally come with a high zoom capacity, a better imaging quality than the point and shoot type.

These cameras contain more manual settings as compared to a Point and Shoot Camera, but lack from a DSLR in providing so many ISO Settings, lens changing facilities, and also, and optical viewfinder. Generally these cameras are equipped with high zoom functionality, so these are also known at times as Superzoom, Megazoom, Ultrazoom etc, and also sometimes as Semi-DSLRs

Types of Cameras | PixelBing.com

6.      Instant Camera:

As the name suggest, these are the cameras which click a picture, and instantly generate a developed print of the same. The most popular types use a self developing film, formerly made by the Polaroid Corporation; hence at times the instant cameras are also called Polaroid cameras.

 

These were a brief glimpse to the history and variety of cameras and photography, will soon meet you with another article. Till then, stay tuned.